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Cloud Security Assessment

Evaluating and Improving Cloud Cyber Defense

Since 2003 in cybersecurity and since 2012 in cloud services, ScienceSoft helps enterprises and SaaS providers ensure full protection of their cloud environments.

Cloud Security Assessment - ScienceSoft
Cloud Security Assessment - ScienceSoft

Cloud security assessment involves analyzing cloud assets and processes to uncover potential vulnerabilities. It results in a customized remediation plan to address security gaps and establish robust cloud security controls.

Know Your Cloud Security Responsibilities

When it comes to cloud, security responsibilities are usually shared between the customer and the cloud provider. The rules of who is in charge of what will depend on the chosen service model: with more flexibility for the customer comes greater security and compliance responsibility. SaaS is the easiest to manage since the cloud vendor is largely in charge of your security, but with PaaS and especially IaaS, you will be in charge of your own cyber defense.

When assessing your individual case, we define the cloud environment components within your responsibility to evaluate and improve their security as well as help achieve compliance with relevant security standards.

Cloud Security Responsibilities

Make Sure All Cloud Security Controls Are in Place

Relying on ISO 27001, ISO 27002, NIST SP 800-53, and cloud-specific best practices, ScienceSoft's team helps implement optimal preventive and detective security controls.

Identity and access management

We prevent unauthorized access to cloud resources and insider threats of exceeding one's role permissions and accessing the data not meant for disclosure.

We check:

  • Authentication mechanisms: how you identify the users of your cloud resources.
  • Authorization mechanisms: which rights and permissions each user can obtain.

Remediation measures we can take:

  • Create a strict password policy.
  • Enforce multi-factor authentication.
  • Introduce role-based access control.
  • Set up single sign-on (SSO).
  • Launch conditional access, granting specific access rights to users that meet specified criteria, e.g., a user group, IP address, geolocation.
  • Establish privileged access management.
Learn more

Logging and threat detection

We prevent failure to notice malicious activities compromising your cloud security; inability to reconstruct a security event to understand how a breach occurred and which vulnerabilities need to be fixed.

We check:

  • Security alerts.
  • Log ingestion.
  • Log querying.
  • Log archiving.

Remediation measures we can take:

  • Set up the tracking of user activity and API usage.
  • Launch or configure a threat detection service: e.g., Amazon GuardDuty, Event Threat Detection (Google Cloud), Microsoft Defender for Identity, SIEM solutions.
  • Centralize log monitoring and security alerts.
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Data protection

We prevent data exposure due to unprotected data transfer mechanisms or insufficient encryption.

We check:

  • Server-side data encryption.
  • Client-side data encryption.

Remediation measures we can take:

  • Establish the secure encryption of data in transit and at rest.
  • Set up and configure encryption key management services.
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Network security

We prevent malware spreading, network intrusion.

We check network-level protection.

Remediation measures we can take:

  • Designing secure network architecture.
  • Setting up network security tools: DLP, IDS/IPS, firewalls, etc.
  • Creating and applying cloud network firewall rules and policies.
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All-around cloud security configuration

We prevent misconfigurations of security services that may lead to insufficient cloud protection; failure to notice undesired changes in cloud security configurations introduced by your employees or intruders who have gained access to the security settings.

We check the inventory of all your cloud resources to analyze and improve their security.

Remediation measures we can take: setting up an auditing tool (e.g., AWS Config, Azure App Configuration) to monitor and evaluate cloud configurations and record any changes in them.

Learn more

Not Sure Where Your Cloud Security is Lacking?

Let’s discuss your case – ScienceSoft’s experts are ready to analyze your cloud specifics and offer a tailored security solution.

Secure Your Cloud Apps Inside Out

We check your cloud app from different angles to find any loopholes that potential attackers may use. Cloud application security assessment typically includes:

SAST — automated source code review

We analyze the code of your cloud app to reveal the existing vulnerabilities that hackers can find and exploit at any moment.

DAST — application penetration testing

We test out potential scenarios of real-world hacker attacks and estimate their consequences for your cloud app.

Compliance assessment

We check if your app protection is up to the relevant security standards: e.g., HIPAA, PCI DSS, GDPR, etc.

Security patching

We apply the missing security updates to protect your apps from known vulnerabilities.

AWS, Azure, GCP Security Comparison

Cloud service providers offer ever-evolving portfolios of security services to cover their customers’ compliance and security needs: identity and access management, web and email security, monitoring and threat detection, data loss prevention, compliance management, and more. Major cloud providers share documented guidance on their best security practices: AWS Well-Architected Framework Security Pillar, Azure Security Benchmark, and Google Cloud Security Foundations Guide.

ScienceSoft’s consultants are ready to navigate you through the advantages and challenges of each cloud provider to help you leverage the best security opportunities available.


  • Mature documentation on security and compliance services.
  • Relatively secure default settings (e.g., restricted access to the network by default).
  • Enhanced security due to isolated accounts. If an attacker hacks one AWS account within your system, they won’t be able to access other accounts.
  • Granular IAM.
  • Highly customizable security groups. 
  • Complicated and decentralized security management at the enterprise level because of account isolation.


  • Unified management of authorization and permissions.
  • Built-in privileged access management (PAM) functionality.
  • Centralized log monitoring.
  • Less secure default configurations compared to AWS (e.g., open ports in a newly created virtual network).
  • Poor documentation making security services difficult to understand and efficiently configure.

Google Cloud Platform

  • The security of default configurations is acceptable (on par with AWS).
  • Easy configuration of security services.
  • Fewer advanced security features compared to AWS and Azure.
  • It is harder to find experienced GCP security specialists as the service is not as widely adopted as AWS or Azure yet.

Too Many Cloud Specifics, Not Enough Time?

Don’t let a headache stand in the way of your cloud security. You don’t need to study all the nuances – ScienceSoft’s certified cloud consultants will zero in on what is truly relevant to your specific cloud and help you choose the security services best suited for your cloud environment.

Why Choose ScienceSoft for Your Cloud Security Assessment

  • Since 2003 in IT security, a solid portfolio of cybersecurity projects.
  • Since 2012 in cloud services, vast experience with AWS, Azure, Google Cloud.
  • Microsoft Solutions Partner, dedicated Azure consulting services.
  • AWS Select Tier Services Partner, dedicated AWS consulting services.
  • ISO 9001-certified mature quality management to guarantee smooth cooperation and value-driving results.
  • 100% security of our customers' data ensured by ISO 27001-certified security management system.
  • Recognized as Top Penetration Testing Company by Clutch.
  • ScienceSoft is a 3-Year Champion in The Americas’ Fastest-Growing Companies Rating by the Financial Times.

Trusted by global brands:

Our Customers Say

ScienceSoft’s cybersecurity experts helped us build a plan for two penetration tests: (1) review of our corporate networks and (2) review of our cloud AWS services. In their review of our AWS services (Identity and Access Management (IAM), VPC Service Controls, AWS Config, CloudTrail, etc.) they checked the security of cloud environment configurations and our corporate data stored in the cloud and the effectiveness of our security practices in AWS. After that, we received another report with clear recommendations on how to enhance the cybersecurity of our AWS environment.

Joel B. Cohen, President, USPlate Glass Insurance Company

Enhancing Cloud Cyber Resilience: Success Stories by ScienceSoft

Cloud Infrastructure Security Assessment for a US Insurance Company

Cloud Infrastructure Security Assessment for a US Insurance Company

Combining automated scanning with manual review, ScienceSoft's cloud experts performed a full security assessment of AWS resources for an insurance company. The team recommended several security measures to enhance cloud cyber defense.

Cloud Application Code Review and Pentesting for an Award-Winning IT Company

Cloud Application Code Review and Pentesting for an Award-Winning IT Company

ScienceSoft conducted an in-depth analysis of security issues in a cloud-based app for tax returns. With ScienceSoft's remediation guidance, the customer ensured the app's reliable protection before releasing it to the market.

Cloud Security Audit for an InsurTech Company to Increase AWS Infrastructure Protection

Cloud Security Audit for an InsurTech Company to Increase AWS Infrastructure Protection

ScienceSoft's certified AWS security specialist manually reviewed AWS infrastructure components: Lambda functions, Elastic Beanstalk app, VPC, S3, EC2, and more. She detected misconfigurations that could potentially expose corporate data.

Penetration Testing of IoT Devices Connected to AWS Servers

Penetration Testing of IoT Devices Connected to AWS Servers

ScienceSoft performed penetration testing of iOS and Android IoT apps and two smart security cameras to pinpoint possible vulnerabilities and confirm that data exchange is performed with specific AWS servers only.

How Our Cloud Security Assessment Unfolds

Cloud Security Assessment

While the scope and the flow of a cloud security checkup is adjusted to the customer's specific needs, a full-cycle security assessment by ScienceSoft typically includes the following steps:

1. Initial investigation

  • Discussing the customer's cloud security concerns, goals, time and budget expectations.
  • Analyzing the client's cloud services, applications, and data stored within the cloud environment.

ScienceSoft's Head of the Security Department

It is important to map out dependencies between different cloud services and resources to clearly understand how they interact. It may help reveal hidden vulnerabilities and evaluate the potential impact of a security breach more accurately. As a result, you'll be able to make better decisions about efficient risk mitigation strategies for your cloud environment.

2. Planning

  • Creating a customized assessment checklist covering such aspects as identity management, encryption, monitoring, network security, data backup, and more.
  • Defining the methodology and optimal cloud security assessment tools.

3. Execution

Depending on the assessment scope, it may include:

  • Auditing the cloud security controls in place.
  • Vulnerability scanning and penetration testing.
  • Cloud compliance evaluation.
  • Questionnaires and social engineering testing for the staff, and more.

ScienceSoft's Penetration Testing Consultant, CEH

Attackers can exploit the ability of cloud resources to scale up and down based on demand. This means they can launch attacks that lead to excessive consumption of cloud resources, resulting in increased costs for their victims. Additionally, they may use these dynamics to overwhelm the victim's defenses and sneak into the cloud environment undetected. Traditional static security testing methods struggle to identify these threats. That's why it is essential to incorporate a behavioral approach in penetration testing.

4. Reporting

  • Delivering a comprehensive report on the assessment process, findings, and the required corrective measures.
  • Providing an executive summary.

5. Remediation

  • Implementing the missing controls or tuning the ones in place to achieve maximum protection of the cloud assets.
  • Validating the results of remediation activities.

Needs Covered with a Professional Cloud Security Assessment

Security of complex cloud environments

Cloud infrastructures are dynamic and complex, with numerous services, configurations, and access points. While assessing your organization's cloud landscape, ScienceSoft's experts look for cloud-native threats like container vulnerabilities, API security concerns, serverless function weaknesses, and misconfigured IAM roles.

Transparency of cloud responsibility

Within cloud security assessment, our team will clearly outline which security aspects lie within your organization's responsibility and which are covered by your cloud service provider.

Full compliance

During the assessment, we reveal the gaps that can result in non-compliance with applicable regulations (HIPAA, PCI DSS, GDPR, etc.). As we reflect the needed corrective measures in the remediation plan, organizations can tackle these issues proactively.

Optimized security spending

Be sure to get professional remediation guidance from us. We prioritize the identified vulnerabilities based on their criticality and recommend cost-effective security measures that align with your organization's cloud resources and processes.

Security Assessment vs. Security Risk Assessment in Cloud Computing

Security assessment and security risk assessment for cloud computing are often used interchangeably. However, these activities differ in their objectives and scope. Security assessment evaluates the existing security measures. Cloud security risk assessment focuses on identifying and proactively managing potential risks and vulnerabilities associated with cloud computing. Whatever service you need, ScienceSoft can provide both.

Cloud security assessment

Cloud computing risk assessment

Make Sure Your Cloud Security Is Not an Afterthought

While cloud computing makes digital infrastructures more agile and less costly, it also brings new security challenges that cannot be overlooked.

  • $4.80M

    an average cost of public cloud data breach in 2021 (2021 Cost of a Data Breach Report from the Ponemon Institute and IBM)

  • 40%

    of organizations experienced a cloud-based data breach in 2021 (2021 Thales Global Cloud Security Study)

  • 75%

    of businesses running containers in the cloud have critical vulnerabilities that can be fixed with patches (Sysdig 2022 Cloud-Native Security and Usage Report)

  • 99%

    of cloud security failures will be the customer’s fault through 2025 (Gartner)

Enjoy Cloud Benefits. Leave Cloud Security to ScienceSoft

Bringing our decades-long expertise in cloud technology and cyber security, we are ready to unearth and confidently handle your cloud security risks.