Asset Tokenization: Complete Overview of Tokenized Assets
In IT since 1989 and in blockchain and cryptotech development since 2020, ScienceSoft helps companies from 30+industries tokenize their assets.
Tokenized Assets: the Essence
Tokenized assets are blockchain-based tokens that represent the ownership over particular physical and digital assets. Asset tokenization is aimed to help companies leverage secure and transparent transfer of asset ownership, improved asset liquidity, fast and cost-effective asset trading.
With a 50x increase predicted between 2022 and 2030, from $310 billion to $16.1 trillion, tokenized assets are expected to make up 10% of global GDP by the end of the decade.
- Steps to tokenize assets: Select an asset to tokenize, create a tokenomics model, choose a blockchain platform for asset tokenization, develop smart contracts, integrate a crypto wallet, launch the token for trading on primary and secondary markets.
- Cost of asset tokenization: $30,000–$100,000+.
- Average timeframes for the tokenization of assets: 3–6 months.
Assets ScienceSoft Helps Tokenize
Stocks, bonds, options, hybrid financial assets.
Patents, copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets.
Fleet, equipment, luxury goods (cars, apparels, accessories).
Energy, precious metals and stones, agricultural products like coffee, wheat, beans, etc.
Real estate and land
Residential, commercial, and industrial property, as well as raw land.
Artworks and collectibles
Antiques, coins, stamps, books, paintings, sports memorabilia, pieces of digital art.
Medical and pharmaceutical products, clinical trials.
Purchased and free tickets, loyalty/reward points.
Characters, player cards, pieces of virtual land, skins, weapons.
Fractional asset ownership
A digital token can be created for a user-defined portion of an asset. This introduces the capability for shared ownership of an asset and partial asset trading.
Peer-to-peer asset trading
The ownership of tokenized assets can be transferred directly between asset owners and investors without the involvement of third-party intermediaries, such as governmental entities or financial institutions.
End-to-end asset traceability
Asset owners and investors can trace the whole history of activities performed over tokenized assets in a distributed ledger. It helps verify asset origin and provenance and prevent fraud and counterfeiting.
Smart contract-based automation
Smart contracts automatically enforce fixed actions related to tokenized assets upon particular events pre-defined by token issuers. For example, asset ownership is transferred to the investor upon payment for the asset.
All transactions on tokenized assets, including those initiated by smart contracts, are automatically validated, timestamped, cryptographically encrypted, and recorded in the immutable ledger available to asset owners and investors.
Asset tokenization platforms
Decentralized platforms for secure and legally compliant issuance and crowdsale of asset-backed tokens.
Asset tokenization smart contracts
Protocols that automate execution of pre-programmed rules related to the issuance and trading of tokenized assets.
Blockchain-based tradeable tokens backed by the underlying tangible and intangible assets.
Tokenized asset management solutions
Digital wallets for storing crypto keys and transacting various types of tokenized assets.
How to Tokenize an Asset
Asset tokenization is a multi-step process that involves creating the tokenomics for the selected asset type, building smart contracts to issue the tokens, and establishing the dedicated framework to operate and trade the tokenized assets.
An asset tokenization process with ScienceSoft looks as follows:
Select an asset to tokenize
We analyze your business needs, the needs of your target audience, and market trends to determine the assets to tokenize and ensure the economic feasibility of tokenization.
Define the fitting token type
Depending on the type of asset to tokenize, we can issue utility tokens, security tokens, governance tokens, or NFTs.
Determine compliance requirements
Our in-house compliance experts analyze global, country- and industry-specific legal regulations relevant for the asset (e.g., SEC regulations for financial securities, HIPAA for healthcare assets).
We deliver a tokenomics model for the tokenized asset, which defines token supply and demand characteristics, outlines token value, describes the rights associated with assets.
Choose the optimal blockchain platform for the tokenization of assets
With your unique requirements in mind, we choose an optimal blockchain platform to tokenize your assets on. We can also build an asset tokenization platform on top of your existing blockchain network.
Develop smart contracts
We design and build smart contracts to tokenize an asset, program the asset's behavior, and automate compliance check with relevant legal regulations.
Implement a solution for tokenized asset management
We can develop a custom blockchain-based asset management application for token issuers and investors/token holders or establish the integration with a selected third-party crypto wallet.
Integrate the tokenized asset management solution with the required systems
We connect the solution to accounting software, payment gateways, KYC/AML verification services, trading platforms, and other relevant systems.
Issue the tokens
We run token issuance in the form of ITO, STO, IDO, etc. on your own or third-party blockchain platform to enable token distribution or primary purchasing of the tokenized asset by investors.
Release the tokens on third-party trading platforms
(optional) We list your tokens on selected token exchanges to enable tokenized asset trading on a secondary market.
An illustrated example of Ethereum-based tokenization of assets by ScienceSoft
The cost and duration of asset tokenization vary greatly depending on:
- The type of assets to tokenize.
- The required type of a token.
- The chosen blockchain platform for the tokenization of assets.
- The number and complexity of smart contracts.
- Cross-chain interoperability requirements for digital tokens.
- The number and complexity of applications (web, mobile, desktop) for token issuers and investors to manage their assets.
- The type of an asset management solution (a custom or a third-party crypto wallet).
According to ScienceSoft’s experience, an asset tokenization project of average complexity lasts 3–6 months and requires $30,000–100,000 in investments.
Want to know the cost of your asset tokenization project?
Increase in revenue
due to enhanced liquidity of a company’s assets, which drives their growth in value and reduces barriers to investment.
Reduction in costs
of transfer of asset ownership rights and settlement due to peer-to-peer asset trading and no need for third-party services.
of financial losses associated with fraud and penalties for non-compliance due to token development, issuance and trading in accordance with relevant standards and regulations.
Eliminated human involvement
with token-related transactions processing due to smart contract-based automation, which provides an opportunity to optimize employee workload and cut labor costs.
Factors that drive high ROI for asset tokenization
ScienceSoft keeps to the following practices to increase the chances of asset tokenization success:
- Thorough analysis of the available blockchain platforms for asset tokenization to choose the one that provides optimal transaction prices and ensure economic feasibility.
- Cross-chain interoperability of tokenized assets to ensure their smooth performance across different blockchain systems, trading platforms, and crypto wallets.
- Maximized automation across issuing, managing and trading tokenized assets to eliminate manual processing of asset transactions, increase their speed and accuracy.
- Seamless integration of the tokenized asset solution with relevant corporate software to eliminate double data entry on asset transactions.
- Focus on security to ensure protection of tokenized assets and sensitive financial and business data stored in the blockchain.
- 100% compliance with all required global, region- and industry-specific standards and regulations to avoid legal penalties.
Blockchain Platforms We Use to Build Asset Tokenization Solutions
Asset tokenization on a third-party open-source blockchain platform is a fast and cost-effective way to issue asset-backed tokens for companies that don’t have an enterprise blockchain network in place. Below, we list the popular decentralized platforms we rely on in ScienceSoft’s asset tokenization projects.
The most popular blockchain to tokenize assets. Ethereum offers a range of established standards and frameworks to easily design and launch various types of tokens. However, Ethereum’s popularity results in low transaction processing speed and drives high transaction costs, which makes the platform economically unfeasible for smaller businesses.
Large enterprises looking to tokenize physical assets.
Enables fast transaction processing and instant platform scalability while charging significantly lower cost per transaction, compared to Ethereum. Stellar employs the provably safe and fault-tolerant Federated Byzantine Agreement (FBA) consensus protocol and offers the proprietary compliance protocol to ensure tokenized asset transactions meet AML/KYC requirements.
Midsize and large companies that need to tokenize highly regulated assets.
Relies on the Proof-of-Stake consensus protocol, which provides low transaction fees. Michelson, a Tezos’s domain-specific language for writing smart contracts, is designed to facilitate formal verification of smart contracts to assure their high-level security.
Midsize businesses that need cost-saving physical and digital asset tokenization.
ScienceSoft is a global IT consulting and software development company headquartered in McKinney, Texas. Since 2020, we help businesses tokenize various types of assets and build crypto asset management solutions. In our asset tokenization projects, we employ robust quality management and data security management systems supported by ISO 9001 and ISO 27001 certificates.