While SharePoint On-Premises was Microsoft’s key collaboration product, companies were able to build their collaboration strategies relying on its capabilities. The situation changed after the Office 365 suite was released. Since then, companies’ collaboration capabilities start expanding along Microsoft’s growing collaboration stack. Unfortunately, the features galore is what can make collaboration the synonym of confusion.
So it’s high time to dot the I’s and investigate each collaboration option.
Microsoft is trying hard to satisfy collaboration needs of teams regardless of their sizes, location, working style and devices in use. This can be the main reason behind such a ‘plump’ Office 365 collaboration kit that currently includes the following tools:
Lost in multiple collaboration solutions, end-users can hardly understand the difference between them, and companies often hesitate over what collaboration tools to implement and what collaboration scenarios they cover. Let’s analyze them one by one.
We start with SharePoint Online team sites as they inherited the logic of their on-premises predecessors, so they are pretty similar. Using SharePoint Online team sites, users can quickly find a familiar home page with a newsfeed, an activity feed, and document libraries. Thanks to a tight integration of SharePoint Online with OneDrive, teams can keep collaborating on documents from any location and now even without the internet connection via OneDrive Offline Folders.
Powered with Microsoft Flow, SharePoint Online team sites support workflows and enable employees to exchange data with other Microsoft or third-party services. Teams can also use data stored in SharePoint lists to create custom applications enabled with Power Apps. iOS, Android, and Windows 10 Mobile apps support SharePoint on mobile devices, so users can access their team sites’ whenever they need.
Recommended collaboration scenario: Team sites in SharePoint Online stay the most powerful collaboration tool in the entire collaboration suite as they foster collaboration of big teams that can communicate, follow team activities, store important resources and links, as well as use workflow and document management features to fulfill their tasks effectively. SharePoint team sites suit various purposes, be it a corporate intranet, a project management system, a learning portal or a knowledge management solution.
SharePoint collaboration sites were announced during the latest SharePoint Virtual Summit and will become part of Office 365 at the end of 2017. Communication sites are to cross team collaboration borders and support company-wide employee interaction. Everything published on a communication site will be automatically available for the entire community on the SharePoint home page, unlike team sites that keep team collaboration private.
Communication sites will also bring a long-awaited simplified customization, which can become a great advantage for users who want to create custom SharePoint sites without involving SharePoint developers. By and large, communication sites aim to give cloud intranets a really corporate nature, thus involving all users into enterprise communication and knowledge sharing.
Optimal collaboration scenario: Communication sites aren’t there yet, but already now we can think of the potential collaboration scenarios they cover. Communication sites will work for HR departments, for example, to publish organizational content and make it available for all the employees. This will also be a suitable tool to announce, discuss and promote corporate events, training sessions, spread success stories and best practices.
Before diving into Outlook Groups, it’s reasonable to mention Office 365 Groups in general. While initially Office 365 had only SharePoint to deal with collaboration, it very soon became clear that robust and feature-rich SharePoint is not always the best tool for lesser collaboration needs. For this very reason, Microsoft expanded Office 365 Groups that now unite all the available collaboration tools and enable employees to sleekly move between them.
Outlook Groups were the first to join the Groups concept and to support collaboration in a shared inbox. Once an Outlook Group is created, users get a set of collaboration tools, including:
Recommended collaboration scenario: Outlook Groups can be handy for those employees who prefer email-based collaboration. The tool can also serve those teams well that need to collaborate with external users but don’t consider providing them with the access to team sites. Thus external users will get all the Group’s advantages and will be able to collaborate with the team effectively.
Microsoft acquired Yammer in 2012. Since then, the previously popular enterprise social network went through multiple ups and downs. Downs were so impressive that the public started to plan Yammer’s funerals. Microsoft didn’t give up on it, though, which finally brought positive results. While the stand-alone Yammer Enterprise plan was dismissed in January 2017, the tool is now an official member of the Office 365 collaboration family and regains its former popularity.
Yammer Groups’ logic is very similar to the one of Outlook Groups. So when a Yammer Group is created, users get access to all the above-mentioned tools (a calendar, Planner, OneNote Notebook, etc.) with the sole exception: shared inbox collaboration transforms into conversation threads in Yammer. The tool also supports file sharing and allows adding external users to the collaboration process.
Recommended collaboration scenario: Although the tool now takes on new roles in an organization (for example, to stimulate knowledge management), its primary purpose is to support forum-like team or enterprise-wide communication. The tool integrated with a SharePoint team or communication site will enable employees to exchange ideas and opinion right on the site’s page. If Yammer is the only tool used in the company, teams can still take advantage of SharePoint if, for example, a team using a Yammer Group needs richer document management features.
Provocatively called “a Slack-killer”, Microsoft Teams were released in March 2017. However, by introducing Teams, Microsoft wanted not only to beat their major competitor Slack but also to finally deliver a pure team collaboration tool. Using Teams, employees can create open channels to collaborate on different topics together or organize isolated channels for private communication. Deeply integrated with Skype, Teams also help employees to carry out voice and video conferences. Additionally, Teams can diversify team collaboration with social networking attributes, such as emojis, stickers, and GIFs. Users can also generate custom memes to make the collaboration experience funnier and more entertaining.
Microsoft Teams are integrated with Office 365, which means that team members will be able to benefit from features of other collaboration tools: for example, Teams include a Files tab that is a SharePoint library to store all the team files. Microsoft Teams don’t support collaboration with external users yet, however, the functionality is likely to be added in the future releases.
Recommended collaboration scenario: Obviously, Teams should be used for team collaboration. The logic and character of Microsoft Teams will perfectly suit dynamic and enthusiastic teams that aren’t restricted by rigid hierarchical boundaries. This is also a nice tool for team members located in different offices or even countries who depend on online meetings or need to constantly collaborate on projects regardless of their location.
Although Skype for Business Online rarely comes into the spotlight, the tool is a legitimate member of the Office 365 pack. It supports instant messaging, VoIP, audio, video and web conferencing. Depending on a subscription plan, Skype for Business can also provide users with benefits of other Office 365 tools, including emailing, file sharing and storage.
Recommended collaboration scenario: Although Skype for Business can’t be used as a full-fledged collaboration tool, it’s still a useful application that doesn’t depend on teamwork, thus can be used by any employee to chat with colleagues, participate in online meetings, discuss working issues and share corporate documents.
Looking at this multitude of collaboration options, companies can think that SharePoint simply got lost among its Office 365 neighbors. However, it isn’t true. While various collaboration tools of the Office 365 suite cover different collaboration needs from emailing to video conferencing, SharePoint still stays at the core of team collaboration. And here is why.
Various collaboration tools give organizations the opportunity to create their unique team collaboration combo. However, before implementing a particular tool, companies have to first analyze thoroughly the functionality that comes with each particular tool. Then they should detect collaboration patterns inside the organization and those in particular teams.
For example, a small company with 100 employees and 5-10 active teams that need a strong communication medium can opt for Microsoft Teams. At the same time, a mid-sized company with 1,000+ employees and several offices will definitely need a SharePoint-based intranet with strong content management capabilities.
In any case, not to fight alone on this collaboration field, organizations can turn to SharePoint consultants who will help to select the most relevant team collaboration scenario.